高中英语语法知识点:特殊词

8.1 stop doing/to do

stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事,stop doing 停止做某事。例如:

They stop to smoke a cigarette.

他们停下来,抽了根烟。

I must stop smoking.

我必须戒烟了。

 

8.2 forget doing/to do

forget to do 忘记要去做某事

forget doing 忘记做过某事。例如:

The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.

办公室的灯还在亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

He forgot turning the light off.

他忘记他已经关了灯了。(已做过关灯的动作)


8.3 remember doing/to do

remember to do 记得去做某事,remember doing

记得做过某事。例如:

Remember to go to the post office after school.

记着放学后去趟邮局。

Don't you remember seeing the man before?

你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

 

8.4 regret doing/to do

regret to do 对将要做的事遗憾,regret doing

对做过的事遗憾、后悔。例如:

I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice.

我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

I don't regret telling her what I thought.

我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

  

8.5 cease doing/to do

cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事

cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。例如:

That department has ceased to exist forever.

那个系已不复存在。

The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by.

姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。

  

8.6 try doing/to do

try to do 努力,企图做某事

try doing 试验,试着做某事。例如:

You must try to be more careful.

你可要多加小心。

I tried gardening but didn't succeed.

我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

  


8.7 go on doing/to do

go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事,go on doing

继续做原来做的事。例如:

After he had finished his mathshe went on to do his physics.

做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.

作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

 

8.8 be afraid doing/to do

be afraid to do 不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为""be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果。doing 是客观上造成的,意为"生怕,恐怕"。例如:

She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.

她生怕被蛇咬着,不敢在草丛中再走一步。

She was afraid to wake her husband. 她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。

She was afraid of waking her husband. 她生怕吵醒她丈夫。

 

8.9 be interested doing/to do

interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事

interested in doing  对某种想法感兴趣

doing 通常为想法。例如:

I shall be interested to know what happens.

我很想知道发生了什么事。(想了解)

I'm interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that?

我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗? (一种想法)

 

8.10  mean to doing/to do  

mean to do  打算、想,mean doing 意味着。例如:

I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to. 我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

To raise wage means increasing purchasing power. 增加工资意味着增加购买力。


8.11 beginstartdoing/to do

begin / start to do sth /begin / start doing sth.

1谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing。例如:

How old were you when you first started playing the piano? 你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

2begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do。例如:

I was beginning to get angry。我开始生起气来。

3)在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。例如:

I begin to understand the truth。我开始明白真相。

4)事物作主语时。例如:

The snow began to melt.雪开始融化了

 

8.12 感官动词 + doing/to do

感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel + do表示动作的完整性,+doing 表示动作的进行性。例如:

I saw him work in the garden yesterday.

昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)

I saw him working in the garden yesterday.

(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)昨天我见他正在花园里干活。

本文 暂无 评论

Top